Zebu cows cater some very unparalleled benefits which make them easily maintainable which lower input and lower cost dairying. Today a lot of countries cross breed zebu bulls with European breeds due to this purpose.
Here are some of the major benefits which make them the most preferred cattle.
We all know that the skin is the major organ of our body which helps us in thermoregulation, water balance, and protection. All over the world, the climate is changing regularly and dramatically which the European breeds cannot bear or adjust according to it. Zebu cows consist of a greater skin area- hump, dewlap, long ears, loose skin- which results in more sweating capability in extreme heat and better thermo-regulation.
Zebu breeds consist of the more sebaceous gland with respect to number, bigger in size and shape. All these glands can produce an oil secretion which protects their body from rain and parasites.
The length of the tail and switches of zebu cows is much longer. The 1st bone in the tail bone series is the rudimentary which facilitates the tail to turn all around and keep the flies away. Their tail can reach to a very far extent of their body. So in order to protect cows from the flies, this anatomical specialty is very beneficial.
The hooves of zebu cows are basically hard, small and placed closely. This eradicates the burden off the bullocks and lets them work in the field with ease. The soft hooves of European breeds are a lot more prone to fungal infections.
Basal Metabolic Rate
Basal Metabolic Rate is the activity inside the body cells. In Bos indicus, the BMR is pretty much low. This is the reason why low-quality food in minimum quantity will allow the cow to be on during the hard times. Whenever the good food is available the body condition comes back to normal.